Posturologie

En deux mots :

Cette approche sert à trouver ce qui désorganise la posture.

 

Explications :

La Posturologie est une approche globale de la posture de l'Être humain debout.

Elle permet de choisir les actes qui peuvent améliorer la posture.

Historique : Empiriquement, les thérapeutes ont observé une relation entre la fréquence des douleurs et l'organisation spatiale du corps. La posturologie reposait alors seulement sur l'observation de l'aspect de la posture. Barré en donne une première classiffication (schéma ci-contre). La thérapeutique était corrective, principalement rééducative ou orthopédique (corset, semelles épaisses...).

 

Analyse des appuis plantaires sur podoscopeEnsuite, dès les années 50 sous l'égide de l'ophtalmologue J-B. Baron, une approche reposant sur l'analyse des capacités sensori-motrices (proprioception extra-oculaire, extéroception podale, occlusion dentaire, vision) s'est développée. On passe à une thérapeutique sensori-motrice qui repose essentiellement sur des semelles fines, une gouttière occlusale ou par des lunettes incluant parfois des prismes (voir SDP et Prismation). Elle est encore de mise actuellement.

On sait aujoud'hui que le système tonique qui sous-tends la posture fonctionne comme un système dynamique non-linéaire.

 

La Posturologie moderne intègre en plus l'analyse fonctionnelle de l'oreille interne, de la propricoception, de la viscéroception ainsi que les capacités d'intégration neurosensorielles sur le plan cognitif. On s'approche de plus en plus d'une thérapeutique causale. Cela induit une place grandissante à l'ostéopathe en posturologie (voir mon schéma triangulaire de classification ci-dessous ou bien la page Syndrome de Déficience Posturale SDP).

 

 

Pratique : Je pratique la posturologie clinique moderne depuis les années 90. L'attention portée aux différents systèmes sensoriels et intégrateurs m'aide à identifier ce qui perturbe votre posture. Cela me permet de choisir les zones à traiter pendant votre séance d'ostéopathie. Cela me permet aussi de vous orienter, de manière ciblée vers le(s) professionnel(s) de santé dont l'intervention sera utile à l'amélioration de votre posture. Mon but est d'agir sur les causes, à la recherche de résultats meilleurs et durables.

Citons parmi eux :

  • Podologue,
  • Chirurgien-Dentiste,
  • Chirurgien-Dentiste Oclusodontiste,
  • Chirurgien-Dentiste spécialisé en Orthopédie Dento Faciale,
  • Stomatologue,
  • Orthoptiste,
  • Ophtalmologue,
  • Opticien,
  • ORL,
  • Psychologue,
  • Sophrologue,
  • Psychomotricien,
  • Orthophoniste,
  • Dermatologue,
  • etc.

 

Références scientifiques :

Journal de neurophysiologie clinique https://www.journals.elsevier.com/neurophysiologie-clinique

Manual Therapy, Posturology and Rehabilitation Journal (MTPRJ) http://www.mtprehabjournal.com/

Gait & Posture - Journal
https://www.journals.elsevier.com/gait-and-posture

International Society for Posture and Gait Research (ISPGR) https://ispgr.org


Posturologie clinique - Dysfonctions motrices et cognitives
Auteur : Association Posturologie Inter, Coordonné par WEBER et VILLENEUVE
Avril 2007 ELSEVIER-MASSON

Posturologie - Régulation et déréglements de la station debout
Auteur : Pierre-Marie Gagey, Bernard Weber ELSEVIER-MASSON


posturologie clinique, tonus posture et attitudes
Auteur : B.Weber, Ph.Villeneuve, Préface Pr Jacques Duysens
 janvier 2010 ELSEVIER-MASSON

Iacazio S1, Foisy A2, Tessier A3, Riant T4, Ploteau S5, Perrouin-Verbe MA5, Rigaud J5, Levesque A5.[Incidence of postural disorders in patients with chronic pelvic-perineal pain]. Prog Urol. 2018 Sep;28(11):548-556. doi: 10.1016/j.purol.2018.05.002. Epub 2018 Jun 6.


Posturologie clinique - Comprendre, évaluer, soulager les douleurs
Auteur : Internationale Association Posturologie, B. Weber, Ph. Villeneuve
Février 2012 ELSEVIER-MASSON

Pratiques en posturologie
Pierre-Marie Gagey, Ph.Villeneuve, Alain Scheibel, Françoise Zamfirescu    ELSEVIER-MASSON septembre 2017

ENTREES DU SYSTEMEPOSTURAL FIN. premières journées françaises de posturologie clinique1 décembre 1997
de Pierre-Marie Gagey et Bernard Weber

 Système stomatognathique et système postural
Pierre Lecaroz   Sciences & Techniques Avril 2010 Sauramps Medical 

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